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With this law amendment, in Japan over the age of 18 men and women get the voting right.
Nowadays discrimination is not by revenue, the voting right has been given equally, but it does not mean had been given from the beginning to everyone.
We summarized what has changed in how the target given the voting right and the circumstances in which the voting right has been established in Japan.
Before the establishment of an electional system in Japan
The voting right to National election was given to citizens in 1889 for the first time.
Meiji Constitution was made by legislators who won the election and organized the Diet. And it was promulgated in that year.
The House of Representatives shall be composed of members elected by the people, according to the provisions of the Law of Election.
- The Constitution of the Empire of Japan・Article 35
At that time, the voting right was not given to all citizens.
It was restricted by the amount they pay taxes. And the restriction by age was more severe. We summarized the change of the restriction below.
|1889||Meiji Contitution||more than 25-year-old men who payed |
Direct national tax ¥ 15 or more
|1900||more than 25-year-old men who payed |
Direct national tax ¥ 10 or more
|1914||World War I|
|1919||Suffrage movement||more than 25-year-old men who payed |
Direct national tax ¥ 3 or more
|1920||New Women's Association formed|
|1925||Ordinary election law promulgated||more than 25-year-old men|
Elimination of tax conditions
|1945||Potsdam DeclarationAll men and women who are||more than 20-year-old||48%|
Scope to be given the voting right was expanded through a long time and a lot of difficulties. These are results of activities aimed to the national election right acquisition.
How to exercise a given voting right is the challenge that was given to us.
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